Several villages are located in the northern part of the island of Seram is Kanike, Roho, Huaulu and Solea. People living in this area to be isolated because there is no infrastructure available . Critical infrastructure such as transportation, communications , lighting (electricity), health, clean water and other services can not be enjoyed by the public, while the only educational facility at the elementary level .
The area is remote because many raging rivers that have passed, the streets are steep, up and down the valley and mountains. Slope where more than 60 % led to a trip to the villages more difficult . This is why people are very difficult to access other necessities and sale of the crop does not occur smoothly. People must wait traders who come to the village to buy the yield crop, and if they have to go outside the village then all the household needs to be spent on supplies.
Communities living side by side and are very dependent on nature. They collect forest produce to meet the needs of everyday life . Businesses in agriculture but also carried over subsistence is not just a commercial character to be consumed alone. There are some people who are still cutting down forests to clear land for agriculture. It occurs because the system is still very traditional agricultural and undeveloped.
Once farmland is planted with several times its production declined, then they find and open new land for cultivation. But there are certain sacred places that should not be cut or touched and entered. They believe that these places exist ghost or believe that their ancestors inhabited the place. This is what makes these places remain safe and sustainable.
Besides hunting or trapping for wildlife that can be used as a source of protein still remain to be done . When the results are excessive they can preserve (pickle) for sale supplement the family income . Some use air guns to look for game animals such as birds of the forest , and other kus - kus . These results into daily consumption by the public.
Poaching activities sometimes meet the challenges associated with the presence of animals that are protected by law . Especially those areas adjacent to National Parks Manusela even villages are rural village enclave is located in the conservation area .
Means of communication and information has not been felt by the community . To capitalize on their night lighting lamp light with kerosene or fuel traditionally drawn from nature . Availability of means of transport , means of communication and limited lighting is causing isolated communities to undertake a range of activities , especially regarding trade transactions between neighboring villages .
This community works in the field of agriculture as the main livelihood. Cultivated area of 2-3 ha, with plants that are cultivated food crops and crops such as bananas, taro, sweet potato, cassava and peanuts, while also seeking vegetable crops . Yields of food crops and vegetables only for consumption by the farmer and his family, and if there is a new more shall be sold.
Results from the sale of these plants are used to purchase other necessities. In addition to food crops and vegetables, they also seek plantation crops and fruits such as coconut, cloves, cocoa, durian, and Cempedak complexioned. Yields of these crops are usually sold the main income for the household .
In regard to the use of natural resources (both biological and vegetable), culture "SASI" as a cultural norm for generations, are still preserved / maintained by the community. Implementation of SASI system is generally carried out by traditional institutions and religious institutions. SASI is basically the implementation of the ban to take certain natural resources in an effort to maintain the quality and preservation of natural resources is population .
This prohibition also about human relationships with the natural setting , or with areas that imposed the ban. Thus, SASI is an attempt to maintain decorum (social institutions) community life , including the equitable distribution of effort over natural resources for the population in rural areas .
SASI system implementation is generally applied to forest resources , plantation crops , such as coconuts and cloves , and water ( Shrimp , Fish , Eels and others ) . If there are people who violate SASI will be penalized by a fine of State Saniri . SASI addition , there is also the term " Kewang " in the traditional structures that serve to preserve the forest . If there is breaking the rules set by Kewang then no sanctions or penalties provided by Kewang through Saniri State as decision makers .
Public perception of the environment is the very life depends on the availability of natural resources. Community life of the environment, so the environment must be protected and preserved . A wide range of biological resources derived from nature that can be properly managed to fulfill all the needs in a sustainable manner .
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